Romanticism

Niels Wilhelm Gade und Rued Langgaard

Rued Langgaard Festival 31st August – 3rd September 2017
Thursday 31st August

The opening concert

4.30 pm The Cathedral Square

Friedrich Kuhlau: Overture to Elves’ Hill Op. 100 (1828) Arrangement by Daniel Drage Sørensen (11’)

Opening of the festival

Rued Langgaard: Berengaria Ribe-Funeral March BVN 366 (1948) (6’) Brass band and percussion. (arr. Mogens Andresen)

Ellehøjen, Elverhøj and Elverskud. Esben Tange.

Erl King’s Daughter in Ribe (25’)

Dramatization of Niels W. Gade’s Erl King’s Daughter in an arrangement by Bo Gunge.

Concept and producer: Esben Tange

 

Sir Oluf: David Danholt

The Erl King’s Daughter: Signe Asmussen

The mother: Andrea Pellegrini

 

Participants in the festival and local singers from among others Ribe Chamber Choir (Morning Song from Erl King’s Daughter)

Costumes: (Birthe Hald) (Erl King’s Daughter)

 

Prinsens Musikkorps

Conductor: Casper Schreiber

 

Niels W. Gade in brief

7 pm Langgaard-salen, Kannikegården

Lecture by Inger Sørensen

 

Holger Danske

8 pm St. Catherine’s Church

A drama-documentary concert about the artist Niels W. Gade, who got into a tight corner when war broke out between Denmark and Prussia in 1848. In the course of the lecture we gain insight into the thoughts behind the music, the tense political situation and Niels W. Gade’s life in both Copenhagen and Leipzig. The patriotic song cycle Holger Danske about the national hero’s exploits through thick and thin was written on the threshold of the fateful year 1864.

 

Niels W. Gade: Three Character Pieces for piano duet opus 18 (1848)

  • The departure (3’)

Niels W. Gade: Knud Lavard (C. Hauch) (1842) (4’)

Niels W. Gade: På Sjølunds fagre sletter (On the fair plains of Zealand) (B.S. Ingemann) (1838) (2’)

 

Rued Langgaard: Hvad Lærken sang! (What the Lark sang!) BVN 35 (1908) (3’)

Rued Langgaard: Vergeblich (In vain) (2’) from Lieder von Goethe BVN 60 (1913)

Rued Langgaard: I Bjerget! (On the Mountain!) (Den Bjergtagne) (Bewitched) (Carsten Hauch) BVN 392 (1949) (3’)

 

 

Niels W. Gade: Three Character Pieces for piano duet opus 18 (1848) (10’)

  • Valpladsen (The Battlefield) (4’)

 

Niels W. Gade: Das Liebes Denkmal (The Beloved Monument) (Trad) (3’)

Niels W. Gade: Snee-Dronningen (The Snow Queen) (H.C. Andersen) (1850) (3’)

Niels W. Gade: Von Treuen Walter (About the faithful Walther) (Uhland) (7’)

 

Niels W. Gade: Three Character Pieces for piano duet opus 18 (1848)

  • Hjemkomsten (The Homecoming) (2’)

 

Interval

 

Niels W. Gade: Holger Danskes Sange (Holger Danske’s Songs) (Ingemann) (1863) (30’)

  • Hilsen til frænderne (Greetings to kinsmen)
  • Holgers barndom (Holger’s childhood)
  • Holgers bortsendelse  (Holger’s dismissal)
  • Holger Danskes vej (Holger Danske’s course)
  • Holgers kamp mod Burmand (Holger’s struggle with Burmand)
  • Prinsesse Gloriant (Princess Gloriant)
  • Ved kejserens hof (At the emperor’s court)
  • De elleve jævninges jordfærd (The eleven peers’ funeral)
  • Holgers orlov og hjemfart (Holger’s leave of absence and homeward journey)
  • Holger Danskes mærke (Holger Danske’s emblem)
  • Hos feen Morgana (With the fairy Morgana)
  • Holger Danskes tilbagekomst til Danmark (Holger Danske’s return to Denmark)

 

Simon Duus (Baritone)

Berit Johansen Tange (Piano)

Per Salo (Piano in Three Character Pieces for piano duet)

Lars Egegaard Sørensen: Lighting design

Esben Tange: Presentation

 

Langgaard Lounge

10 pm Quedens Gaard

Meet some of today’s artists as well as Inge Sørensen, who knows Niels W. Gade better than anyone else.

 

Friday 1st September

10.30-11.15 am Ribe Cathedral School

 

Lecture on the Schleswigian War (1848-51) (The Three Years’ War)

By the historian Inge Adriansen

 

11.40-12.15 Ribe Cathedral School

Rued Langggaard: Upåagtede Morgenstjerner (Unnoticed morning stars) (8’) from Symfoni nr. 14 Morgenen (1947-48)

 

Niels W. Gade: Novelletter nr. 1, F-Dur for String orchestra.  Op. 53 (1874) (19’)

  • Andantino-allegro vivace e grazioso
  • Scherzo. Moderato
  • Andantino con moto
  • Allegro vivace

 

RAMA Strings

Conductor: Henrik Brendstrup

 

The Gold Coast

3 pm Langgaard Salen, Kannikegården

In 1836 a young Danish botanist travelled to Danish Guinea (today Ghana). His intention was to cultivate flourishing coffee trees in the jungle, but the stay developed into a fatal encounter with a culture founded on a view of human nature created during the time of slavery. At the same time the African continent proved to hold original customs and natural forces which were irreconcilable with a conventional Western way of life.

 

Daniel Dencik: The Gold Coast (2015) (115’)

 

De higer og söger (They strive and seek) – romantic violin sonatas

8 pm St. Catherine’s church

The romantic spirit is strong and untrammelled in a large number of Niels W. Gade’s and Rued Langgaard’s works for violin and piano. Each in his own century, the two composers continued to write in the romantic style, which in Denmark was heralded by the young Adam Oehlenschläger’s debut Poems 1803. Music and words are accompanied by pictures of the Danish fatherland.

 

Adam Oehlenschläger: “They strive and seek…” From The Golden Horns.

Rued Langgaard: Aubade (Dawn) BVN 23 (1907) (6’)

Adam Oehlenschläger: “Hrymfaxe den sorte…” (Hrymfaxe the black horse) From The Golden Horns.

Niels W. Gade: Violin sonata no. 2 in D minor Op. 21 (1849) (21’)

  • Adagio – Allegro di molto
  • Larghetto – Allegro vivace – Larghetto – Allegro vivace – Larghetto
  • Adagio – Allegro moderato – Allegro molto vivace

Adam Oehlenschläger: ”A faint thunder rumbles!…” From The Golden Horns.

 

Niels W. Gade: Capriccio (1878) (9’)

Interval

 

Adam Oehlenschläger: “A century is fading away! … From The Golden Horns.

Rued Langgaard: Andante Religioso BVN 407 (1950) (5’)

Adam Oehlenschläger: “Hrymfaxe den sorte…” (Hrymfaxe the black horse) From The Golden Horns.

 

Rued Langgaard: Sonata no. 3 (1945-49) (22’) Violin and piano. The first performance in Denmark.

  • Allegro sempre. Precise and emphatic.
  • Allegro
  • Scherzo. Grazioso fiero
  • Espressivo
  • Finale. Allegro molto

 

Adam Oehlenschläger: “Two glimpses from ancient times… “ From The Golden Horns.

 

Niels W. Gade: From Folk Dances Op. 62 (1886)

  • Menuetto. Andante con moto – Reel. Molto vivace – Andante con moto – Molto vivace (5’)

 

Christina Åstrand (violin)

Per Salo (piano)

Recitation: Camilla Bendix

Lighting design: Lars Egegaard Sørensen

 

Langgaard Lounge

10.30 pm Quedens Gaard

Meet some of today’s artists as well as Inge Sørensen, who knows Niels W. Gade better than anyone else.

 

Saturday 2nd August

Gade’s organ

11 am The Cathedral

Organ works by N.W. Gade and Rued Langgaard including

 

Niels W. Gade: Tonestykker for Orgel. Dedicated to J.P.E. Hartmann Op. 22 (1851) (14’)

  • Tonestykke in F major
  • Tonestykke in C major
  • Tonestykke in A minor

 

Jakob Lorentzen (organ)

 

Music of the Abyss

3 pm St. Catherine’s Church

Joint concert with Esbjerg International chamber Music Festival

 

Niels W. Gade: Piano Trio in B flat major (1839). Reconstruction (2017) of the 2nd, 3rd and 4th movements by Karl Aage Rasmussen. First performance. (30’)

  • Adagio – Allegro con fuoco.
  • Andante
  • Scherzo. Prestissimo.
  • Finale. Allegro vivace

 

Rued Langgaard: Music of the Abyss. A Sonata for Piano BVN 169 (1921-24)

Arrangement (2015-17) by Allan Gravgaard Madsen for wind quintet and percussion. First performance of the 2nd movement. (16’)

  • Inflessibile mostruoso (rigorous, monstrous)
  • Frenetico, quasi rondo

 

Interval

 

Johannes Brahms: Fantasias for solo piano. Op. 116 (1891-92). A selection.

 

Niels W. Gade: Octet for strings Op. 17 (1848-49) (31’)

  • Allegro molto e con fuoco
  • Andantino, quasi Allegretto
  • Scherzo. Allegro moderato e tranquillo
  • Finale. Allegro vivace

 

Den Danske Klavertrio

Esbjerg Ensemble

Katrine Gislinge (piano)

Daniel Roberts (violin in Gade’s Octet)

Steven Dann (viola in Gade’s Octet)

 

It is over

8 pm St. Catherine’s Church

Both Niels W. Gade and Rued Langgaard were romantics to the core, and they were both inspired by the poetry in Schumann’s music. In several of his works Langgaard dreams that he is back in Gade’s time, which he felt was a historical culminating point.

The concert takes the form of a journey through time in which the music is accompanied by historical photos from Gade’s and Langgaard’s worlds in Copenhagen, Leipzig, Helsingborg and Ribe.

 

Robert Schumann: From Fantasiestücke Op. 12 (1837) (21’)

  • Des Abends
  • Aufschwung
  • Warum?
  • In der Nacht
  • Ende vom Lied

 

Niels W. Gade: Piano sonata in E minor, opus 28 (1840/1854) (22’)

  • Allegro con fuoco
  • Andante
  • Allegretto
  • Molto allegro e appassionato

 

Interval

 

Niels W. Gade: Folk dances. Fantasy pieces for piano Op 31 (1855) (11’)

  • Moderato
  • Allegretto vivo
  • Molto vivace
  • Allegro non troppo

 

Rued Langgaard: Sonata no. 2 “Ex est” (It is over) BVN 222 (1934/1945) (21’)

  • Presto fiero
  • Allegro strepitoso
  • Lento anagogico
  • Lento tranquillo – Allegro vivace festivo

Marianna Shirinyan (piano)

 

Langgaard Lounge

10.30 pm Quedens Gaard

Meet some of today’s artists as well as Inge Sørensen, who knows Niels W. Gade better than anyone else.

 

 

Sunday 3rd August

Service

10 am Ribe Cathedral

Music by Niels W. Gade and Rued Langgaard

 

Langgaard’s bishop

1 pm Kannikegården. Langgaard Salen

Elof Westergaard: The theological environment at Ribe Cathedral in Langgaard’s time.

 

An unparalleled cathedral organist

1.30 pm Kannikegården. Langgaard Salen

Bendt Viinholt Nielsen: On Rued Langgaard’s problems with the congregation at Ribe Cathedral.

 

Who was Dora?

2.30 pm Kannikegården. Langgaard Salen

A woman called Dora, whom Langgaard apparently met in Kyrkhult in Blekinge in the summer of 1913, is an important key to understanding Langgard’s music. But who was Dora? Claus Falk-Larsen sheds new light on this matter.

 

 

Echoes

4 pm The Cathedral

Rued Langgaard: In the chapel of Holmens Church – Sighs at the grave of Gade Movement for string quartet BVN 388 (1949) (1’) First performance of the version for string orchestra

Niels W. Gade: Echoes of Ossian. Concert Overture Op. 1 (1841) (15’)

 

Niels W. Gade: Concerto for violin and orchestra in D minor. Op. 56 (1880) (27’)

  • Allegro con fuoco
  • Romanze. Andantino espressivo
  • Rondo scherzando. Allegro, ma non troppo

 

Interval

 

Rued Langgaard: Concerto for violin and orchestra BVN 289 (1943-44) (10’)

  • Allegro vivace – Mosso – Tempo primo – Cadenza espressiva – Animato – Finale: Scherzoso – Più mosso – Scherzoso – Più Animato – Molto allegro

 

Rued Langgaard: Symphony no. 3 The flush of youth – La melodia BVN 96 (1915-16, rev. 1925-33) (29’)

  • Poco animato festivo – Lento (Cadenza) – Aimato festivo (Tempo primo) –
  • Grave maestoso –Lento misterioso –
  • Allegro ma non troppo – Più lento – Vivace

 

Christina Åstrand (violin)

Per Salo (piano) (piano obbligato in Langgaard’s violin concerto and Symphony no. 3)

Sønderjyllands Symfoniorkester

Conductor: Per-Otto Johansson